Citalopram can be used to treat depression. It may improve your energy level and feelings of well-being. Citalopram is known as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). This medication works by assisting to restore the balance of a certain natural substance (serotonin) within the mind.
OTHER USES: This area contains uses of this medication being not listed in the approved professional labeling for the medication but that might be recommended by your health care professional. Use this drug for a disorder that is listed in this area as long as it's been so prescribed by the health care pro.
This medication could also be used to deal with other conditions that are mentalsuch as obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder). It may also be used to treat hot flashes that occur with menopause.
Read the Medication Guide and, if available, the Patient Information Leaflet provided by your pharmacist before you start taking citalopram and each time you get a refill. If you have any relevant concerns, ask your physician or pharmacist.
Take this medication with or without meals as directed by your doctor, usually once daily in the morning or evening. The dosage is based on your medical condition, response to treatment, age, laboratory tests, and other medications you are taking. Make sure to inform your doctor and pharmacist about most of the items you employ (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). The maximum dosage for citalopram is 40 milligrams each day.
If you are utilising the liquid form of this medication, very carefully gauge the dosage using a measuring device/spoon that is special. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.
To cut back your risk of side effects, your medical practitioner may direct you to start out taking this drug at a low dose and gradually increase your dose. Follow your doctor's instructions carefully. Do not increase your dose or use this drug more often or for longer than prescribed. Your condition will maybe not improve any faster, and your threat of negative effects will increase. Take this medication regularly to have the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.
It's important to carry on taking this medicine even although you feel great. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your medical professional. Some conditions may become even worse when this medication is suddenly stopped. Additionally, you could experience symptoms such as for instance mood swings, headache, tiredness, rest changes, and brief emotions just like shock that is electric. To prevent these symptoms while you are stopping treatment with this drug, your doctor may reduce your dose gradually. Consult your pharmacist or doctor for more details. Report any new or symptoms that are worsening away.
It may take 1 to four weeks to feel good results from this drug and up to several weeks before you will get the benefit that is full.
Tell your doctor if your condition doesn't improve or if it worsens.
See also Warning and Precautions sections.
Nausea, dry mouth, loss of appetite, tiredness, drowsiness, sweating, blurred vision, and yawning may occur. If any of these impacts persist or worsen, inform your pharmacist or doctor promptly.
Keep in mind that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects. Many people using this medication do not have adverse that is serious.
Tell your doctor right away if you have any severe adverse effects, including: shaking (tremor), decreased interest in sex, changes in sexual capability, simple bruising/bleeding.
Get help that is medical away in the event that you have any extremely serious side-effects, including: fainting, fast/irregular heartbeat, black colored stools, vomit that appears like coffee grounds, seizures, eye pain/swelling/redness, vision changes (such as for instance seeing rainbows around lights during the night).
This medication may increase serotonin and rarely cause a very serious condition called serotonin syndrome/toxicity. The risk increases you take (see Drug Interactions section) if you are also taking other drugs that increase serotonin, so tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the drugs. Get medical help right away in the event that you develop some of the following symptoms: fast heartbeat, hallucinations, loss in coordination, severe dizziness, severe nausea/vomiting/diarrhea, twitching muscles, unexplained temperature, unusual agitation/restlessness.
Rarely, males may have a painful or prolonged erection lasting 4 or more hours. If this occurs, stop using this drug and get help that is medical away, or permanent problems could occur.
A very serious reaction that is allergic this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away in the event that you notice any signs of a critical hypersensitive reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially for the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This isn't a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your physician for medical advice about negative effects. You may report adverse effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your physician for medical advice about unwanted effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using citalopram, tell your medical professional or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or to escitalopram; or. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive that may cause allergic reactions or other dilemmas. Confer with your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medication, tell your physician or pharmacist your medical background, particularly of: personal or family history of bipolar/manic-depressive disorder, personal or family history of committing suicide attempts, liver infection, seizures, low sodium in the blood, abdominal ulcers/bleeding (peptic ulcer disease) or bleeding issues, personal or family history of glaucoma (angle-closure type).
Citalopram may cause an ailment that affects the heart rhythm (QT prolongation). QT prolongation can seldom cause serious (hardly ever fatal) fast/irregular heartbeat and other signs (such as severe dizziness, fainting) that require medical attention straight away.
The danger of QT prolongation may be increased in the event that you have actually certain conditions that are medical are taking other medications that may cause QT prolongation. Before using citalopram, tell your medical professional or pharmacist of all the drugs you are taking and if you have any associated with the following conditions: certain heart disease (heart failure, slow heartbeat, recent heart attack, QT prolongation within the EKG), genealogy of specific heart disease (QT prolongation into the EKG, sudden cardiac death).
Low degrees of potassium or magnesium within the blood may increase your risk also of QT prolongation. This risk may increase if you use certain drugs (such as diuretics/"water pills") or if you have conditions such as severe sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting. Speak to your doctor about using citalopram safely.
This drug may make you drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Before having surgery, tell your doctor or dental practitioner about all the services and products you employ (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal items).
Older adults may be more sensitive to the relative side effects of this drug, especially bleeding, loss of coordination, and QT prolongation (see above). They may also be more likely to develop a type of salt imbalance (hyponatremia), especially if they are also"water that is taking" (diuretics). Loss of coordination can increase the risk of dropping.
Kids may be more sensitive to the relative side effects of this drug, especially loss of appetite and weight loss. Monitor height and weight in kids who're taking this drug.
During pregnancy, this medicine should be properly used only when clearly needed. It may harm an baby that is unborn. Also, babies born to mothers who have used this drug during the last 3 months of pregnancy may develop withdrawal symptoms rarely such as feeding/breathing problems, seizures, muscle stiffness, or constant crying. If you notice any of these signs in your newborn, promptly tell the doctor.
Since untreated mental/mood dilemmas (such as despair, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder) may be a significant condition, do not stop taking this medicine unless directed by your physician. If you are planning pregnancy, become pregnant, or think you may be pregnant, immediately discuss with your doctor the benefits and risks of using this medication during pregnancy.
This drug passes into breast milk and may have undesirable effects on a nursing baby. Consult your medical professional before breast-feeding.
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