Acetazolamide is used to stop and reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness. This medication can decrease headache, tiredness, sickness, dizziness, and shortness of breath that can occur when you climb up quickly to altitudes that are highgenerally above 10,000 feet/3,048 meters). It is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a ascent that is slow. The greatest ways to prevent altitude sickness are climbing slowly, stopping for 24 hours during the climb allowing the human body adjust fully to the new height, and taking it easy the first 1 to 2 days.
This medication is additionally utilized along with other medicines to deal with a particular kind of eye problem (open-angle glaucoma). Acetazolamide is a "water pill" (diuretic). It decreases the level of fluid that may establish in the eye. It is also utilized to decrease a buildup of body fluids (edema) caused by congestive heart failure or medications that are certain. Acetazolamide can work less well over time, so it is usually used only for a short period.
It has additionally been used in combination with other medications to treat specific types of seizures (petit mal and unlocalized seizures).
OTHER USES: This part contains uses of this medication that are not listed in the approved professional labeling for the drug but which may be prescribed by your wellbeing care professional. Use this drug for a condition which is listed in this section only if it was so prescribed by your health care pro.
Acetazolamide are often used to take care of periodic paralysis.
Acetazolamide may be taken with or without food. Drink plenty of fluids unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Your dosage is based on your condition that is medical and to therapy.
To prevent altitude illness, start acetazolamide that is taking to 2 days before you start to climb. Continue taking it after you have reached your final altitude while you are climbing and for at least 48 hours. You may have to continue taking this medication while staying at the altitude that is high control your symptoms. That you climb down as quickly as possible if you develop severe altitude sickness, it is important. Acetazolamide will not protect you from the severe effects of severe altitude sickness. (See also Precautions.)
If you should be using this drug for another condition (e.g., glaucoma, seizures), use this medicine regularly as directed to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the time( that is same) each day. Taking your last dose in the early evening will help prevent you from having to get up in the middle of the night to urinate. Consult your pharmacist or doctor for those who have concerns about your dosing schedule.
Do not increase or decrease your dosage or stop using this medication without first consulting your doctor. Some conditions can become worse when this drug is abruptly stopped. Your dose may need to be gradually reduced.
When used for a long duration, this medicine may not work aswell that can require dosing that is different. Your doctor shall be monitoring your condition. Tell your medical professional if your trouble does not improve or if it worsens (e.g., more frequent seizures).
This drug might reduce the potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor may recommend while you are taking this medication that you eat foods rich in potassium (e.g., bananas or orange juice. Your physician may also prescribe a potassium supplement for you to just take during treatment. Consult with your doctor to get more information.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, and an elevated amount of urine may occur, specially through the very first few days as your body adjusts to the medication. Blurred vision, dry mouth, drowsiness, loss of appetite, stomach upset, headache and tiredness may also occur. If any of these symptoms persist or worsen, notify your pharmacist or doctor.
Remember that your doctor has recommended this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of adverse effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Tell your doctor appropriate away if any of these very unlikely but serious negative effects occur: increased human anatomy hair, hearing loss, ringing in the ears, unusual tiredness, persistent nausea/vomiting, severe stomach/abdominal pain.
Seek immediate medical attention if any of these unlikely but very severe adverse effects occur: simple bleeding/bruising, fast/irregular heartbeat, indications of disease (e.g., fever, persistent sore throat), mental/mood changes (age.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), serious muscle cramps/pain, tingling for the hands/feet, blood into the urine, dark urine, painful urination, yellowing of the eyes/skin.
a really serious allergic reaction to this drug is unlikely, but seek immediate medical attention if it occurs. Symptoms of a serious allergic reaction may add: blisters/sores in the mouth, rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This will be perhaps not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the united states -
Call your physician for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Food And Drug Administration at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report adverse effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
Before using acetazolamide, tell your physician or pharmacist if you have any other allergies if you are allergic to it; or. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergy symptoms or other problems. Confer with your pharmacist for lots more details.
This medication should never be used if you have specific conditions that are medical. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: adrenal gland problems (e.g., Addison's disease), low blood degrees of sodium or potassium, severe kidney infection, severe liver disease (e.g., cirrhosis), certain metabolic problems (e.g., hyperchloremic acidosis).
Before using this medicine, inform your physician or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: breathing problems (e.g., emphysema, chronic bronchitis), high degrees of calcium, dehydration, diabetes mellitus, gout, narrow-angle glaucoma, overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).
While this medication can help you get accustomed to high altitudes and assistance you tolerate quick climbs, it cannot completely prevent altitude sickness that is serious. Signs and symptoms of severe altitude sickness may include: serious shortness of breath, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, difficulty concentrating), lack of coordination/staggering walk, extreme tiredness, serious headache.
That you descend to a lower altitude as quickly as possible to prevent serious, possibly fatal problems if you develop any of these symptoms, it is very important.
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages.
To minimize dizziness and lightheadedness, get up slowly whenever increasing from a seated or position that is lying.
This drug may rarely make your blood sugar amounts rise, causing or worsening diabetes. Inform your doctor right away if you develop symptoms of high blood sugar such as increased thirst or tiredness.
If you already have diabetic issues, be yes to check on your blood sugar regularly. This medication may cause your blood also sugar levels to fall. Symptoms of low blood sugar include fast/pounding heartbeat, shakiness, sweating and hunger. It is an excellent habit to carry sugar tablets or gel to treat blood sugar that is low. If you are in a situation where you don't have these reliable forms of glucose, eat a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink a glass of orange juice or non-diet soda to quickly raise your blood sugar level. Tell your doctor right away concerning the response.
This medicine might make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear clothing that is protective outdoors.
This medication shouldn't be utilized in children less than 12 because it could impact growth that is normal.
This medication should really be used with caution within the elderly because they may be more sensitive to its unwanted effects, especially low potassium or sodium levels.
This medication ought to be used during pregnancy only if plainly required. Discuss the dangers and benefits with your physician.
This medicine passes into breast milk but is unlikely to harm a nursing infant. Consult your physician before breast-feeding.
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