Metformin can be used with a proper dieting and workout system and perhaps with other medicines to control blood sugar that is high. It is used in patients with type 2 diabetes. Controlling high blood sugar helps avoid kidney damage, blindness, neurological dilemmas, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Metformin works by assisting to restore your body's appropriate response to the insulin you naturally create. It decreases the amount of sugar your liver makes and that your particular stomach/intestines absorb.
OTHER USES: This section contains uses of this medication that are not listed in the approved labeling that is professional the drug but that can be recommended by the health care professional. Utilize this drug for a condition that is listed in this section only if this has been so recommended by the health care professional.
Metformin may be used with lifestyle changes such as for example diet and exercise to prevent diabetes in people who are at high risk for becoming diabetic. It is also used in women with a certain disease of the ovaries (polycystic ovarian syndrome). Metformin may make menstrual cycles more regular and increase fertility.
Read the Patient Information Leaflet if available from your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking metformin and each time. If you have any relevant questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medicine by mouth as directed by your medical professional, frequently 1-3 times a time with meals. Take in plenty of fluids while using this medication unless otherwise directed by your physician.
The dosage is considering your condition that is medical to treatment, and other medications you may be taking. Be sure to tell your doctor and pharmacist about all the products you use (including prescription drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products). To reduce your risk of adverse effects (such as upset stomach), your doctor may direct you to start this medication at a low dose and slowly boost your dose. Follow your medical professional's guidelines carefully.
Just take this medicine regularly in order to get the benefit that is most from it. Remember to use it at the times that are same time.
If you are already taking another anti-diabetic drug (such as chlorpropamide), follow your medical practitioner's directions carefully for stopping/continuing the old drug and metformin that is starting.
Check your blood sugar regularly as directed by the doctor. Keep tabs on the total results, and share them with your doctor. Tell your doctor if your blood sugar measurements are too high or too low. Your dosage/treatment might have to be changed.
Nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, diarrhea, weakness, or a taste that is metallic the mouth may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. If belly symptoms return later (after taking the same dose for several days or weeks), tell your doctor right away. Stomach symptoms that occur after the first days of your treatment may be signs of lactic acidosis.
Keep in mind that your medical professional has recommended this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have side that is serious.
Metformin does maybe not usually cause blood that is low (hypoglycemia). Low blood sugar may occur if this drug is prescribed with other anti-diabetic medications. Talk with your medical practitioner or pharmacist about whether the dose of the other diabetic s that are medication( has to be lowered.
Signs of low bloodstream sugar consist of unexpected sweating, shaking, quick heartbeat, hunger, blurred eyesight, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat blood sugar that is low. If you do not have these reliable types of glucose, rapidly raise your blood sugar by consuming a quick source of sugar such as for example table sugar, honey, or candy, or take in fruit juice or soda that is non-diet. Tell your doctor about the reaction right away. Low blood sugar is more likely if you drink large amounts of alcohol, do unusually heavy exercise, or do not digest sufficient calories from food. To greatly help prevent low blood sugar, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to learn what you ought to do if you skip meals.
Symptoms of high bloodstream sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, fast respiration, and fruity breathing odor. If these signs occur, inform your doctor immediately. Your doctor may need certainly to adjust your diabetes medication(s).
Stop taking this medication and tell your physician right away if this very serious part impact occurs: lactic acidosis (see Warning section).
a really serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get help that is medical away if you notice any of the after symptoms of a severe allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is maybe not a complete list of possible adverse effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In america -
Phone your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your physician for medical advice about side effects. You'll report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to metformin; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which could cause allergic reactions or other issues. Communicate with your pharmacist to get more details.
Before applying this medicine, tell your physician or pharmacist your health background, specially of: severe breathing issues (such as obstructive lung infection, severe asthma), blood problems (such as anemia, vitamin B12 deficiency), renal disease, liver condition.
Before having surgery or any X-ray/scanning procedure using injectable iodinated contrast material, inform your doctor that this medication is being taken by you. You will need to temporarily stop this medication before the right time of your surgery/procedure. Consult your doctor for further directions.
Before having surgery, tell your medical professional or dentist about all these products you use (including prescribed drugs, nonprescription drugs, and herbal products).
You may experience blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness due to extremely low or blood that is high levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely.
Limit liquor while using this medication because it may increase your danger of lactic acidosis and developing low blood sugar.
High fever, "water pills" (diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide), a lot of sweating, diarrhoea, or vomiting may cause loss of a lot of body water (dehydration) and increase your threat of lactic acidosis. Stop taking this medication and tell your physician right away if you have extended vomiting or diarrhea. Be sure to drink enough liquids to stop dehydration unless your physician directs you otherwise.
It may be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (such as due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because increased stress may require a noticeable change in your therapy plan, medications, or blood glucose testing.
Older adults may be at greater risk for side-effects such as low blood sugar levels or acidosis that is lactic.
During pregnancy, this medication is used only once clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits together with your doctor. Your doctor may direct you to instead use insulin of this item during your pregnancy. Follow your medical professional's guidelines carefully.
Metformin may cause modifications in the cycle that is menstrualpromote ovulation) and increase the risk of becoming pregnant. Consult your pharmacist or doctor in regards to the use of trustworthy birth control while using this medication.
Metformin passes into breast milk in small amounts. Consult with your medical practitioner before breast-feeding.
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