See also Warning section.
Promethazine is employed to prevent and treat sickness and vomiting associated to certain conditions (such as before/after surgery, motion sickness). It is also used to treat allergy symptoms such as rash, itching, and nose that is runny. It may possibly be used to help you feel sleepy/relaxed before and after surgery or to assist specific pain that is narcotic (such as meperidine) work better. It may also be used for a short time to treat a runny nose due to the common cold.
Promethazine is an antihistamine and works by blocking a certain natural substance (histamine) that your particular body makes during an allergic reaction. Its other effects (such as anti-nausea, calming, pain relief) may work by affecting other natural substances (such as acetylcholine) and also by acting directly on certain elements of the brain.
Cough-and-cold products have not been been shown to be effective or safe in children younger than 6 years. Therefore, do not use this product to treat cold symptoms in children younger than 6 years unless specifically directed by the doctor. Some products (such as long-acting tablets/capsules) are not recommended for use in kids younger than 12 years. Pose a question to your doctor or pharmacist for lots more details about using your product properly.
These products do not cure or shorten the length of the cold that is common may cause serious side effects. To decrease the risk for serious side effects, follow all dosage carefully directions. Do not give other cough-and-cold medication that might contain the same or similar ingredients (see also Drug Interactions section). Ask the doctor or pharmacist about other ways to relieve cough and cold symptoms (such as drinking enough fluids, making use of a humidifier or saline nose drops/spray).
Read the Patient Suggestions Leaflet if available from your pharmacist you get a refill before you start taking promethazine and each time. If you have any relevant questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Take this medication by lips with or without meals as directed by your doctor, usually 2 to 4 times daily. The first dose of promethazine should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before beginning travel for motion sickness. For allergies, this medication may be taken once daily at bedtime to avoid drowsy that is being the day. When used before surgery, promethazine may be taken the before or just before the procedure and may be continued afterwards as directed night.
If you work with the liquid type of this medication, carefully measure the dosage utilizing a special measuring device/spoon. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose.
The dosage is dependant on your actual age, medical condition, and response to treatment. In children, the dosage may also be based on weight. Do not increase your dose or simply take this medication more frequently than directed.
Tell your doctor if the condition does not enhance or if it worsens.
Drowsiness, dizziness, constipation, blurred vision, or dry mouth may occur. If any of these impacts persist or worsen, inform your physician.
To relieve dry mouth, suck (sugarless) difficult candy or ice chips, chew (sugarless) gum, take in water, or use a saliva substitute.
Remember that your particular physician has recommended this medication she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects because he or. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Tell your doctor appropriate away if you have any severe unwanted effects, including: fainting, sluggish heartbeat, mental/mood changes (such as hallucinations, nervousness, irritability, restlessness, confusion), unusual/uncontrolled movements (such as fixed upward stare, neck twisting, tongue movements), shaking (tremor), difficulty urinating, simple bleeding/bruising, indications of infection (such as for instance fever, persistent sore throat), severe stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes/skin.
Get help that is medical away when you yourself have any very serious adverse effects, including: slow/shallow breathing, seizures.
This medication may rarely cause a really condition that is serious neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). Get medical help right away for those who have some of the following symptoms: fever, muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness, severe tiredness, serious confusion, sweating, fast/irregular heartbeat, dark urine, improvement in the level of urine.
An extremely severe allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, get medical help right away if you see any symptoms of a critical hypersensitive reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of this face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble respiration.
It is not a list that is complete of side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the usa -
Call your medical professional for medical advice about adverse effects. You'll report effects that are side FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or at www.fda.gov/medwatch.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about adverse effects. You may report side effects to wellness Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
See section that is also warning.
Before taking promethazine, inform your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or to any other phenothiazines (such as prochlorperazine); or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain ingredients that are inactive which may cause allergies or other problems. Speak with your pharmacist for more details.
Before using this medicine, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: difficulty in breathing (such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-COPD, rest apnea), blood/immune system problems (such as bone marrow depression), high pressure into the eye (glaucoma), heart disease (such as irregular heartbeat), high bloodstream pressure, liver disease, certain brain disorders (such as neuroleptic malignant problem, Reye's problem, seizures), stomach/intestine problems (such as for example obstruction, ulcer), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), difficulty urinating (for instance, due to enlarged prostate).
This drug may make you dizzy or drowsy or cause blurred vision. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision you can perform such activities safely until you are sure. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Before having surgery, tell your medical professional or dentist about most of the products you utilize (including prescription drugs, nonprescription medications, and herbal items).
Promethazine may make you more sensitive to the sun. Avoid prolonged sun exposure, tanning booths, and sunlamps. Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing when out-of-doors.
This medication may make you sweat less, making you more likely to get heat stroke. Avoid doing things that may cause you to overheat, such as hard work or exercise in hot weather, or using tubs that are hot. Whenever the weather is hot, take in a complete lot of fluids and dress lightly. If you overheat, quickly look for a accepted place to cool down and rest. Get medical help right away if you have a fever that will not get away, mental/mood changes, headache, or dizziness.
Fluid products may contain sugar and/or liquor. Caution is advised if you have diabetes, liver disease, or any other condition that requires you to limit/avoid these substances in your diet. Ask your pharmacist or doctor about using this product safely.
Kiddies may be more sensitive to the unwanted effects of this drug, particularly slowed breathing (see Warning area). This drug can often cause excitement in young children instead of drowsiness. Special care should be taken when using this medication in children who have lost a complete lot of fluid (dehydration), those that have actually a family group reputation for unexpected baby death problem (SIDS), and those people who are difficult to awaken from sleep.
Older adults may become more sensitive to your relative side effects of this drug, especially drowsiness, confusion, constipation, or trouble urinating. Drowsiness and confusion can raise the danger of falling.
During pregnancy, this medicine should be properly used just when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and advantages with your medical practitioner.
Its unknown if promethazine passes into breast milk. It may have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your physician before breast-feeding.
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Airmail: 2-3 business weeks, EMS: 3-8 business days.